Bunions, also known as hallux valgus, are among the most prevalent foot concerns. Symptoms to watch out for include a burning sensation, discomfort, soreness, and a noticeable lump on the side of the big toe. The Woodlands bunions could become quite uncomfortable when wearing tight shoes. However, not all patients necessarily experience symptoms. In some cases, patients may go for years without symptoms besides the visible protrusion on the side of their big toe. If you want to fix your bunion, understanding the common causes of this condition is a great starting point. Here is what you should know.
If you have a family history of bunions, you are also likely to develop this condition as well. These observations indicate that the inheritance of a gene mutation could be a huge determining factor for the likelihood of a person developing bunions.
Nonetheless, specialists believe that genetic inheritance is not the only cause of bunions, and some individuals with bunions do not even know of family members with the conditions. The specific gene mutations and inheritance patterns of bunions remain unclear.
2. Abnormal Foot Structure
The foot structure and support to the toe joints are vital for the foot to function correctly. Thus, abnormal foot structures, such as flat feet, low muscle tone, loose ligaments, abnormal bone structure, and flexible joints, are often associated with a heightened risk of bunions. Conditions like Down’s syndrome and Marfan Syndrome also cause changes in these foot characteristics.
3. Foot Arthritis
Bunions and arthritis are closely connected, and both conditions can cause the other. Numerous types of foot arthritis are associated with bunions, including psoriatic arthritis, gout, and rheumatoid arthritis. Each of these conditions involves inflammation and pain in the lining of the peripheral joints and might result in deformity in the joint’s bone, causing bunions.
4. Other Health Concerns
Some neuromuscular concerns like Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, multiple sclerosis, and cerebral palsy can also raise your susceptibility to bunions. These conditions can affect the nervous activity and movement of your feet, and have the likelihood of causing damage to your toe joint.
Moreover, connective tissue disorders like Down’s syndrome and Marfan syndrome can lead to the development of bunions. These genetic health concerns are associated with changes in the connective tissues that can weaken the joint’s support, leading to a higher risk of bunions.
5. Ill-Fitting Footwear
Anybody can develop bunions. However, this foot condition is more prevalent in women than men. Based on this observation, it is presumed that women more often wear ill-fitting shoes. For instance, women who frequently wear high heels or pointed toes are more likely to develop bunions. Nonetheless, it is unclear if ill-fitting shoes cause the issue or worsen a pre-existing structural abnormality.
Numerous individuals think bunions are simply an aesthetic concern. However, bunions are a serious foot condition that can lead to serious complications without proper treatment. For instance, an untreated bunion can cause discomfort and pain to the point where you have problems walking or standing. The good news is, you do not have to suffer from a bunion. A podiatrist can provide the necessary care to avoid the development of bunions. If you already have bunions, the podiatrist can help you manage your symptoms and keep them from worsening.