What Does an Urologist Do?

Urologists diagnose and treat disorders of the urinary tract and male reproductive system. They specialize in diseases and problems that affect the bladder, urethra, ureters, kidneys, and adrenal glands.

Urologists also treat erectile dysfunction urologist online, low testosterone levels and male infertility. They can also perform procedures to remove prostate cancer and open up a blocked urethra or bladder.

1. Diagnosis

Urologists diagnose and treat a wide range of urological conditions, including prostate problems, infertility, urinary tract infections (UTIs), and female pelvic organ prolapse. They also treat men’s sexual health issues such as erectile dysfunction and low testosterone levels, and perform surgery to remove a kidney to treat cancer.

They may order tests to help them identify the cause of your problem and provide a diagnosis, such as a blood test to check for high creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels, which can indicate that your kidneys aren’t functioning properly.

After earning a medical degree, a urologist spends five to six years in a residency program, where they learn both surgical of urological diseases. Some urologists then choose to do one or two additional years of training, called a fellowship.

2. Treatment

A urologist specializes in the treatment of problems with the urinary tract and other external reproduction organs (such as the kidney, bladder, ureters, urethra, testes, penis and prostate). The treatments they provide include surgery and medications.

In a urological consultation, your doctor will ask about your medical history and carry out a physical examination. They will also order tests to diagnose your condition and determine the best way to treat it.

Urologists also perform surgical procedures to treat conditions such as enlarged prostates, prostate cancer, bladder and kidney stones and infertility. They use minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic surgery and robotic-assisted surgery to treat patients. They may also work with other specialists, such as gynaecologists and endocrinologists.

3. Prevention

As a man gets older, it is important to visit the urologist for screenings and preventative care. These include a physical exam, urinalysis and prostate exam.

A urologist is a doctor who specializes in treating diseases and conditions of the kidneys, bladder and genitourinary system (the area that includes the male reproductive organs). They treat urinary tract infections, prostate cancer and other health issues related to these systems.

To become a urologist, you need to earn a medical degree and complete medical school. After that, you must go through four or five years of medical training at a hospital. During that time, you learn how to perform surgery. You must also pass a licensing exam before you can practice. This exam is typically the United States Medical Licensing Examination or COMLEX, depending on your state.

4. Education

The first step in becoming a Urologist is to earn a medical degree. There are many Allopathic (MD) and Osteopathic (DO) schools that confer these degrees.

Upon graduation from a medical school, students will begin their internship. This is a year of medical management on the hospital floor with some exposure to learning operating room skills.

Most residency programs run 5 to 6 years in length, including a year of research. After completion of their residency, graduates can apply for fellowships or choose to become private practitioners.

5. Research

Research paves the way for new understanding and treatment options. For example, urologists may participate in clinical trials that test new treatments for genitourinary diseases.

In addition, urologists can provide treatment for men with prostate cancer or bladder cancer. They can also help patients with erectile dysfunction or infertility.


Most urologists work in a hospital, private practice. They are trained to perform a variety of surgical procedures, including laser surgery and laparoscopic techniques. They can also perform gender-affirming surgeries for transgender patients.

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